The Surface Web, Deep Web, And The Dark Web Explained

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Disclosing The Different Internet Layers And The Reality Behind Dark Web

The internet is far more extensive than we think of it is as the regular internet we use and goes far beyond google searches. Beyond that layer of the internet that we have access to lies an indeed even larger network which is unindexed, unknown and undiscovered. In this guide, we will be uncovering everything you need to know about those mysterious layers.

The Multiple Floors Of The Internet

The webpages and the websites that we can have access to, by doing a quick google search or the web pages that are being indexed by search engines and is open to the public is called the surface web. Anything searchable through a search engine makes Surface Web.

The part of the internet that is hidden from the regular web and requires some sort of authentication to access is called the deep web. Search engines can not index this part of the internet and could only be accessed by their particular web link. The unlisted material that can not be found via Search Engines and requires the URL or some permissions to access comes under Deep Web.

There is a part of the Deep Web which requires some special software and configuration to access itself and is anonymized, is called the Dark Web. The undermost part of the Deep Web and wants some unique medium is the Dark Web.

The Iceberg Model Of The Internet Layers

The iceberg example is most commonly used to illustrate these three layers of the internet. Take it this way, the uppermost layer of the iceberg which is above the water is the Surface Web.

The layer beneath it, which is hidden from the general public is the deep web. Last but not least, the part of the iceberg which is beneath the deep web and is undiscovered is the dark web.

The protocols that operate the dark web are the most secure ones, that makes the darknet moderately hidden. This also makes it almost near to impossible to trace the darknet sites.

The Deep Web vs. The Dark Web

As the deep web is beneath the surface web and is unindexed, it is rather hard to estimate the exact size of the deep web but is more colossal than the surface web. It includes anything behind a paywall or the owners of the web pages that are intentionally hidden from the search engines.

The data that goes under the deep web may include:

  • Private files hosted on a cloud drive.
  • Scientific and government records.
  • Anything that requires authentication.

And I was thinking the second page of Google is all Deep Web.

The Dark Web uses the most encrypted protocols to communicate, which makes it untraceable by internet career providers and the government. All due to this, the Dark Web has become a home of all possible online activities. Some of them are:

  • The supply/exchange of illegal commodities.
  • Data which is censored by the government and is not publically available.
  • Leaked sensitive data.
  • An acting place for whistleblowers.
  • A place for all the activities that are not possible on deep or surface web.

The dark web is a part of the deep web which is purposely hidden, but it doesn’t just comprise all the illegal websites though most of it used for unlawful intentions.

Yo! Why are there people in black suits in my backyard?

How To Reach The Dark Web

The dark web can be accessed through decentralized, anonymized nodes on several networks, including Tor or I2P. TOR stands for The Onion Router and was released by the U.S. Naval Research Laboratory in the year 2002 on purpose to allow them to communicate anonymously.

TOR refers to both the software and hardware that comprises the network.

Follow these steps to connect to the dark web:

  1. Download TOR Browser from here for your suitable OS.
  2. Go to Check Tor Project and verify that you are connected to the TOR network.
  3. Search for online search engines online or lookup our list here (Coming soon).

Security Measures

Even though the TOR browser comes with all the major security standards, you can still do some tweaks to enhance your anonymity further. Follow these steps increase privacy:

  • Never resize your TOR browser window if you are on the desktop.
  • In the TOR Browser, Goto Options > Privacy & Security > Security and set to safest.
  • Try implementing a VPN before connecting to the TOR network.

Ending Words

Our TOR and Dark Web hacking Orbits (Coming soon), so stay tuned for that.

- Medium-

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